- Area: 33.851 sq km (land: 32.891 sq km, water: 960 sq km)
- Arable land: 55.1% (2016)
- Permanent crops: 9.1% (2016)
- Forest area: 4.517 sq km (2016)
- Forest land: 13.34% (2015)
- Population: 3,364,496 (July 2020 est.)
- GDP purchasing power parity: $23.72 billion (2017 est.)
- GDP per capita purchasing power parity: $6,700 (2017 est.)
- GDP Real Growth Rate: 4.5% (2017 est.)
- GDP composition per sector:
- agriculture: 17.7% (2017 est.)
- industry: 20.3% (2017 est.)
- services: 62% (2017 est.)
- Country name: Republic of Moldova
- Capital: Chisinau
- Administrative divisions: 32 raions (raioane, singular - raion), 3 municipalities (municipii, singular - municipiu), 1 autonomous territorial unit (unitatea teritoriala autonoma), and 1 territorial unit (unitatea teritoriala)
- Raions: Anenii Noi, Basarabeasca, Briceni, Cahul, Cantemir, Calarasi, Causeni, Cimislia, Criuleni, Donduseni, Drochia, Dubasari, Edinet, Falesti, Floresti, Glodeni, Hincesti, Ialoveni, Leova, Nisporeni, Ocnita, Orhei, Rezina, Riscani, Singerei, Soldanesti, Soroca, Stefan-Voda, Straseni, Taraclia, Telenesti, Ungheni
- Municipalities: Balti, Bender, Chisinau
- Autonomous territorial unit: Gagauzia
- Stinga Nistrului (Transnistria)
- Territorial unit:
Energy Administration and Institutions
The Directorate-General for Energy (DGE) of the Ministry of Economy is in charge of promoting the state policy in the field of energy efficiency and renewable energy sources, electricity, gas and thermal energy by developing and improving the legislation. In addition, the Energy Systems Department within the DGE enforces and monitors the state policy in the field of deployment of gas pipes at national level, manages the exploration and exploitation of oil and gas resources, construction of gas pipes and underground reservoirs of natural gas, heat supply infrastructure, as well as new electricity infrastructure including interconnections.
The State Department for Environmental Protection, created in 1993, is in charge of environmental issues.
The Agency for Energy Efficiency, created in 2012, implements state policies to create the conditions for improving energy efficiency and energy performance of buildings, and to assist the structures involved in the development and implementation of programs, plans, services and other energy measures for increasing energy consumption efficiency, and approves the projects in EE and RES areas.
The National Agency for Energy Regulation (ANRE) governs the economic and commercial activities carried out in the electricity, heat and natural gas sectors, and recently in water sector through licensing, issuing secondary legislation, and ensures the functioning of the electricity and gas markets, and promotes an appropriate tariff policy and consumer rights protection.
The Energy Efficiency Fund is the Institution in charge of attracting and managing financial resources to finance and implement energy efficiency and renewable energy projects, in accordance with strategies and programs developed by the Government of Moldova (GoM).
An energy strategy for the period up to 2030 was approved in 2013. It focuses on three main priorities:
- security of energy supply
- creation of competitive markets and its regional and European integration
- environmental sustainability and combating climate change
Source: Energy Strategy of Moldova
Moldova cooperates with the EU in the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy and the Eastern Partnership. The country does not have a candidate status.
EU assistance to Moldova supports the objectives of the EU-Moldova Association Agreement. It aligns with the country's reform commitments under the Association Agreement and aims at strengthening the rule of law, as well as improving the business climate, by utilizing the benefits of the DCFTA (Deep and comprehensive free trade area), and supporting greater connectivity between Moldova and the EU in the areas of energy and transport.
In the frame of the Energy Policy Moldova intends to joint ENTSO-E and ENTSO-G and to implement all EU Directives on Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. The new European Neighborhood Instrument (ENI) is the main financial instrument for the implementation of th ENP.
Source: European Commission - European Neighbourhood Policy And Enlargement Negotiation
Last update: 07 2023