FiT are applied since 2012 only for renewable energy plants with an installed capacity of minimum 10 kW are eligible for feed-in tariffs. Furthermore, the electricity has to be intended for commercialisation on the electricity market (Item 4 of the Methodology approved by Decision No. 321/2009). The feed-in tariffs are calculated individually for every single renewable energy plant based on a methodology defined by the Moldavian National Energy Regulatory Authority (Item 5 of the Methodology approved by Decision No. 321/2009).The feed-in tariffs are determined and approved annually, depending on the type and capacity of the power plant, the amount of electricity produced and the expected amount of electricity to be delivered (Art. 24 par. 1 Law No. 160/2009). They range from Leu 1.24 / kWh (wind) to 1.92 / kWh (PV).
The RES sector is regulated by the new Renewable Energy Law (Law No. 10 on renewable energy. It sets the state policy objectives in the field of renewable energy aiming at strengthening the energy security of the country through an increased share of RE (up to 17% in the final energy consumption). The general support mechanisms are:
- fixed price set in the auction for an eligible producer who holds or will hold power plants with a cumulative power capacity greater than the limit set by the Government;
- fixed price set in the auction for an eligible producer who holds or will hold power plants with a cumulative power capacity not exceeding the limit set by the Government, but not less than 10 kW
This means fixed tariffs combined with tenders and moreover, according to the Renewable Energy Law, producers of electricity from renewable sources are expected to have non-discriminatory and regulated access to energy grids, to published tariffs, non-discriminatory, cost-based, transparent and predictable, calculated and approved in accordance with the Law on Electricity. In accordance with the Law on Electricity, the transmission system operator and system operators of distribution networks are obliged to give priority to electricity from renewable sources dispatching capacities of electricity production to the extent it does not affect the safe operation system electricity.
Last update: 07 2023