Moldova lacks energy resources, especially fossil fuels (10 Mt of oil and 20 bcm of gas and depends on imports of fuels and electricity. Only about 5% of its energy demand is met by domestic sources whereas around 30% of Moldova's import budget is spent on energy. In general around 60% of the primary energy consumption is produced by gas. Moldova`s energy independence rate is very low (10%).
In total 3,000 MW of electricity capacity is installed in Moldova (end of 2016), most is generated from gas from the Kuchurgan Thermal Power Plant (2,520 MW, gas) and imported from Russia. Moldova’s electricity production has remained quite stable since 1999at (around 6 TWh), despite a 23% fall in 2013. It has returned to its average level since then (6.1 TWh in 2016). Most of the electricity is produced from gas (97% in 2016).
Gas is the most important energy source by far. The only source for gas imports is Russia, morover in 2016, Gazprom and Moldovagaz extended the current supply contracts for the supply and transit of gas until the end of 2019. However, the Government of Moldova is making efforts to diversify gas sources and already started a process to join ENTSOG (European Network of Transmission System Operators for Gas) through Romania. The Iaşi (RO) – Ungheni (MD) gas interconnector was inaugurated in August 2014 within the UCNGP – the Ungheni Chisinau Gas Pipeline Project, the finalization is planned by 2019 (cf. publika.md)
Oil and coal
There are no oil ressources in Moldova, therefor the oil products used in Moldova are 99% (in 2016) imported and imports rose by 8.1% to 0.9Mt. In 2016, 92% of the gasoline and 72% of the diesel imports came from Romania.So far coal as energy source plays only a minor part.
The total primary energy supply mix is dominated also by natural gas, but also crude oil and NGL is showing an increasing trend. Regarding renewable energies biomass is the most important, also increasing steadily in the last few years.
Last update: 11 2020