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Energy supply – Energy Country Profile

Energy Supply


Moldova lacks energy resources, especially fossil fuels (10 Mt of oil and 20 bcm of gas and depends on imports of fuels and electricity. Only about 5% of its energy demand is met by domestic sources whereas around 30% of Moldova's import budget is spent on energy. In general around 60% of the primary energy consumption is produced by gas. Moldova`s energy independence rate is very low (10%).


In total 983 GWh of electricity production in Moldova in 2020, most is generated from natural gas from the Kuchurgan Thermal Power Plant (2,520 MW, gas) and imported from Russia. 

In 2020 almost 90% ffrom the electricity produced came from natural gas.


Gas is the most important energy source by far. The only source for gas imports is Russia, morover in  2016, Gazprom and Moldovagaz extended the current supply contracts for the supply and transit of gas until the end of 2019. However, the Government of Moldova is making efforts to diversify gas sources and already started a process to join ENTSOG (European Network of Transmission System Operators for Gas) through Romania. The Iaşi (RO) – Ungheni (MD) gas interconnector was inaugurated in August 2014 within the UCNGP – the Ungheni Chisinau Gas Pipeline Project, the finalization is planned by 2019 (cf.


The total primary energy supply mix is dominated also by natural gas, but also crude oil and NGL is showing an increasing trend. Regarding renewable energies biomass is the most important, also increasing steadily in the last few years.


Source: Graphs AEA

Last update: 06 2022