Feed-in tariffs were introduced in 2002 and were reviewed in 2008, 2009 (tariffs guaranteed for 12 years), 2010 (introduction of FiT for solar PV) and 2012. In 2013, FiTs were limited to renewable plants below 10 kW: facilities above this threshold have to participate in an auction to get a feed-in premium. Since 2015, FiTs have only apply to 50% of the power generation, inciting producers to consume part of their power generation.
In the first half of 2018 FITs for
- renewable plants below 10 kW are €5.2c/kWh
- wind (up to €5c/KWh through auctions), €5.9c/kWh
- hydropower (up to €5.3c/kWh through auctions), €4.6c-6.6c/kWh
- biomass-fired units (up to €5.7c/kWh through auctions) €11.1c-€13.4c/kWh
- biogas-fired plants (up to €12.2c/kWh through auctions)
Solar feed-in tariffs range between €13.6c/kWh (ground-mounted systems) and €16.9c/kWh (building-integrated), and between €11.5c/kWh and €15.2c/kWh through auctions.
Lithuania promotes electricity production from renewable sources through a feed-in tariff. This tariff will be discussed in the chapter below.
Solar power producers with installed net metering may use excise electricity for their own use and for this amount of electricity are relieved from paying the Puplic Service Ogligation duty.
In Addition electricity from renewable sources is exempt from excise duty.
Heating and Cooling
The Lithuanian state promotes the heat produced from renewable energy sources. The suppliers of heat are obliged to purchase all the heat generated by independent producers. The price of the independent producer must be lower than the price of the heat supplier. In addition, the purchased heat has to satisfy certain requirements on quality, security of supply and environment.
The operators of gas systems are obliged to purchase biogas at prices fixed by the National Commission for Energy Control and Prices.
Operators of biogas and biomass power plants are exempt from environment pollution tax.
According to its NEEAP 40% of energy savings should be achieved in the transport sector. To reach this target the production and use of biofuels is supported.
Financial support menchanisms for renewable energy will cease when the proposed targets (cf. Renewable Energy Action Plan) are reached, or on 31 December 2020 at the latest. The implementation of a green certificate scheme has been postponed from 2013 to 2021.
Renewable power producers can apply for subsidies ad soft loans (Lithuanian Environmental Investment Fund (LEIF) support mechanisms).
Last update: 07 2023