Lithuania has limited energy resources. For its energy supply Lithuania relies to a major extent on imports of oil and gas. Referring to the local energy resources in Lithuania oil, shale gas, wood and hydropower have the greatest potential. Lithuania has estimated oil reserves of about 1.7 Mt (end of 2018) and estimated shale gas resources of about 113 bcm. The hydroelectric potential is about 2 TWh per year.
Total electricity capacity rose to 3.9 GW in 2018. The installed electricity capacity is mainly thermal 2.3 GW (59% in 2018), with gas accounting for 33.3% of total capacity (1.2 GW), while hydropower accounts for 25% of total capacity (about 900 MW). The share of wind in the installed capacity has tripled since 2010, from 4% to 14% in 2018 (530 MW).
There is a sharp decline in power generation in 2010 is due to the decomissioning of two nuclear reactors. In 2017, again, rising electricity imports contributed to a 17% drop in total production (2018).
The most important energy source for energy supply in Lithuania is oil which accounts for 70 kt in 2018. It’ important to mention that Lithuania's oil production is very limited, the major part of oil is imported (9.8 Mt in 2019) from Russia. The country has two oil terminals: Klaipeda (9 Mt/year) and Butinge (capacity of about 14 Mt/year). Both of them are in operation since 1999.
Another important role in the energy supply of Lithuania plays gas, which amounts to approx. 2.4 bcm in 2018. Lithuania imports all of its natural gas. The gas is imported from Russia by pipe, LNG is from Norway since 2014. Lithuania plans to increase the use of LNG instead of Russian piped gas to ensure more competitive prices.
Biomass and heat
The third biggest energy source in Lithuania is energy out of biomass and heat, which accounted for 1.4 Mtoe in 2018.
Last update: 09 2020