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Energy policy – Energy Country Profile

Energy Policy

Lithuania’s Ministry of Energy is responsible for the energy sector and energy policy.

The main objective of Lithuania’s energy policy is to reach energy independence by increasing energy efficiency. In 2017 the National Energy Independence Strategy (NEIS) was adopted, which focuses on the following energy relevant topics: energy security, competitiveness, green energy development and innovations. The document also includes a target which says that electricity generation and heating should be independent from fossil fuels in 2050. 

When it comes to the 2020 targets, Lithuania's national renewable energy target is 23% in final energy consumption. This target of the National Renewable Energy and Climate Action Plan was exceeded in 2016 and 2017 by more than 25% mainly thanks to heating (46.5% versus only 3.6% for transport and nearly 17% for power generation). The NECP (2018) raised this target to 45% of renewables in 2030.

Referring to the reduction of GHG emissions, Lithuania’s goals are: 40 % reduction by 2030, 60 % reduction by 2040 and 80 % reduction by 2050, compared with the GHG emission level in 1990.

Lithuania's energy policy and strategy aim to ensure a secure, affordable, and sustainable energy supply for the country. The key goals of the policy include reducing dependence on imported energy, increasing the share of renewable energy sources in the energy mix, improving energy efficiency, and promoting innovation and competitiveness in the energy sector.

To achieve these goals, Lithuania has developed a range of policies and measures, including:

  1. Promoting the use of renewable energy sources, such as wind, solar, biomass, and geothermal energy, through support mechanisms such as feed-in tariffs, tenders, and auctions.

  2. Improving energy efficiency in buildings, industry, and transport through energy audits, labeling, and standards.

  3. Developing a competitive and integrated energy market in the Baltic region to improve energy security and reduce dependence on Russian gas.

  4. Encouraging the use of alternative fuels in transport, such as biofuels and electric vehicles.

  5. Investing in research and development to support innovation in the energy sector, including the development of new technologies and business models.

Overall, Lithuania's energy policy and strategy aim to promote a transition to a low-carbon and sustainable energy system while ensuring the security and affordability of energy supply for Lithuanian citizens and businesses.

Last update: 07 2023