The energy policy of the Czech Republic aims to ensure a reliable, affordable, and sustainable energy supply. The country focuses on diversifying its energy sources and reducing dependence on fossil fuels. Key aspects of the energy policy include promoting renewable energy, improving energy efficiency, and enhancing energy security. The Czech Republic also participates in regional and international energy cooperation to strengthen energy markets and foster innovation in the sector.
In 2019, the National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) was published, setting energy and GHG targets for 2021-2030 with a view to 2050.
In January 2021, the government approved the establishment of a CZK 150 billion (EUR 5.8 billion) modernization fund to be financed through the sale of carbon credits to invest in renewable energy (39%), modernization of heat supply systems (26%), improving energy efficiency and reducing greenhouse gas emissions from companies subject to the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) (13%).
The Energy Act (2000) was amended in 2016 to fully implement the EU's third energy package and improve consumer protection. In 2015, the government adopted its long-awaited Energy Strategy (ASEK), which contains six scenarios for the development of the energy sector until 2040. Nuclear energy is a pillar of the energy strategy, with its share of the electricity mix increasing from about 35 % in 2013 to between 46 % and 58 % in 2040.
Last update: 07 2023