National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP)
In order to minimize the reporting burden for European Union Member States, the European Commission has come up with a new governance regulation, which states that MS have to lay out their climate and energy targets, policies and measures in their Integrated National Energy and Climate Plans. Czech Republic's NECP constitutes an integral part of the country's energy and climate policy.
The National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) of the Czech Republic focuses on maintaining the high quality of energy supply and strengthening the security of supply in electricity generation. That is why the plan describes specific goals for the expansion of new production capacities, through the expansion of nuclear energy and a growing share of renewable energies. However, the NECP expects a gradual increase in the import dependency of the Czech Republic due to the decline in the use of domestic brown and hard coal and the associated increase in imported energy resources.
On 18 May 2015, the Czech government adopted an updated national energy concept (ASEK), which replaced the old concept from the year 2004. The main focus of the energy concept is ensuring the reliable, safe and environmentally friendly supply of energy to the Czech population at competitive and acceptable prices. The government lays out five strategic priorities for the energy sector in the Czech Republic: a balanced energy mix, increase in energy efficiency, development of the country's network infrastructure and strengthening of international cooperation, research, development and innovation, and energy security. In addition, the strategy provides for a high degree of independence from imports and provides for the increase in electricity generation from nuclear energy from around one third to over half in 2040. This is mainly due to the extended term of the Dukovany nuclear power plant from 30 years to 50-60 years and the construction of new reactor blocks. Financing modalities of the planned development of nuclear energy are not mentioned in the state energy concept. A repository for radioactive waste is to be identified by 2025.
Other important points in the energy concept:
- Construction of a fifth reactor at the Dukovany site
- Construction of two new reactors at the Temelin nuclear power plant
- Site search for the construction of further nuclear power plants
The generation of power from lignite is to be significantly reduced in return for the expansion of nuclear energy. According to the energy concept, there will be no major expansion of renewable energies (apart from biomass). The document envisages examining various options such as net metering, tax reductions, and tendering models for the achievement of energy targets. On the whole, the energy concept for the year 2040 provides the following ranges for the shares of the energy mix for the generation of electrical energy:
- Nuclear energy 46 – 58 %
- Renewable and secondary sources 18 – 25 %
- Natural Gas 5 – 15 %
- Brown and Black Coal 11 – 21 %
Furthermore, the concept lays out a target of the following diversified mix of primary sources:
- Nuclear fuel 25 – 33%
- Solid fuels 11 – 17%
- Gas fuels 18 – 25%
- Liquid fuels 14 – 17%
- Renewable and secondary sources 17 – 22%
Last update: 12 2020