The Czech Republic's energy consumption per capita is about 24% higher than the EU average despite the decline in total energy consumption since 2006. Natural gas consumption, which has been gradually decreasing since 2001, experienced a growth in 2015 due to increased use by households and large consumers. About 2/3 of the oil is consumed by the transport sector – a sector that has experienced enormous growth in the last couple of years –, followed by use in industry.
The final energy consumption of electrical energy in the Czech Republic shows a slightly increasing trend with minimal fluctuations. Overall, the final energy consumption rose from 49 TWh in 2000 to 58 TWh in 2018. The gross final energy consumption of electrical energy, which in addition to final energy consumption also includes the consumption of the energy sector and grid losses, rose from 63 TWh to 74 in the same period TWh. Electricity generation showed a trend similar to electricity consumption and increased from 73 TWh in 2000 to 88 TWh in 2018. For years the Czech Republic has been an important export country of electricity for neighboring countries such as Austria, the Slovak Republic and Germany.
The residential, tertiary, agriculture sector accounted for the highest share of final consumption with 39%, followed by the industrial sector with 26%, the transport sector with 24% and non-energy uses with 11%.
Last update: 03 2021