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General information – Energy Country Profile

General Country Information - Energy Administration

  • Area: 51.197 sq km  
  • Arable land: 19.7 %
  • Permanent crops: 2 %
  • Forest area: 21.912 sq km
  • Forest land: 42.8 %
  • Population: 3.867.912 (July 2016 est.)
  • GDP: Purchasing power parity - $42.53 billion (2016 est.)
  • GDP per capita: Purchasing power parity - $11.000 (2016 est.)
  • GDP composition per sector: agriculture 7.8% | industry 26.8% | services 65.4% (2016 est.)

Public Administration

  • Country name: Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Capital: Sarajevo
  • Bosnia-Herzegovina comprises two entitites: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) and the Republic of Srpska (RS).

Energy Administration

The energy sector is organised along those lines with the entities as key players, coordinated at the state-wide level by the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations (MOFTER).

The ministries resonsible for the energy sector are the Ministry of Energy, Mining  and Industry (MEMI) for the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the Ministry of Industry, Energy and Mining (MIEM) for the Republic of Srpska.

Membership status

  • Potential candidate


  • Bosnia and Herzegovina was identified as a potential candidate for EU membership during the Thessaloniki European Council summit in June 2003.
  • In July 2008, the Stabilisation and Association Interim Agreement entered into force. 
  • In December 2010, the visa liberalisation agreement entered into force.
  • In June 2015, the Stabilisation and Association Agreement entered into force.
  • In February 2016,  Bosnia and Herzegovina submitted its EU-membership application.
  • In September 2016, the Council invited the Commission to submit an Opinion on Bosnia and Herzegovina application.

Common Foreign and Security Policy and the European Security and Defence Policy

  • Within the framework of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) the EU continues to deploy considerable resources in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • The EUFOR/Althea mission is still present in Bosnia and Herzegovina. By the reinforced EUSR Office and the Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA) and through other instruments the European Union remains committed to  strengthening the rule of law in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Last update: 07 2023