- Area: 783,562 sq. km
- Arable land: 26.7%
- Permanent crops: 4%
- Population: 80,845,215 (2017 est.)
- GDP ppp: $2.133 trillion (2017 est.)
- GDP ppp (per capita): $26,500 (2017 est.)
- Nominal GDP composition per sector:
- agriculture: 6.7%
- industry: 31.8%
- services: 61.4% (2017 est.)
- Country name: Republic of Turkey
- Capital: Ankara
- Administrative divisions: 81 provinces (iller, singular - ili); Adana, Adiyaman, Afyonkarahisar, Agri, Aksaray, Amasya, Ankara, Antalya, Ardahan, Artvin, Aydin, Balikesir, Bartin, Batman, Bayburt, Bilecik, Bingol, Bitlis, Bolu, Burdur, Bursa, Canakkale, Cankiri, Corum, Denizli, Diyarbakir, Duzce, Edirne, Elazig, Erzincan, Erzurum, Eskisehir, Gaziantep, Giresun, Gumushane, Hakkari, Hatay, Igdir, Isparta, Istanbul, Izmir (Smyrna), Kahramanmaras, Karabuk, Karaman, Kars, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Kilis, Kirikkale, Kirklareli, Kirsehir, Kocaeli, Konya, Kutahya, Malatya, Manisa, Mardin, Mersin, Mugla, Mus, Nevsehir, Nigde, Ordu, Osmaniye, Rize, Sakarya, Samsun, Sanliurfa, Siirt, Sinop, Sirnak, Sivas, Tekirdag, Tokat, Trabzon (Trebizond), Tunceli, Usak, Van, Yalova, Yozgat, Zonguldak
- The Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (MENR, ETKB in Turkish) is the main authoritative body in the energy sector. The General Directorate of Renewable Energy of the MENR is directly in charge of implementing renewable energy policy.
- Other important institution is the Energy Market Regulatory Authority (EMRA, EPDK in Turkish), which is responsible for regulating the energy market. Among other roles, it delivers licenses for the production of electricity, sets electricity and gas tariffs, and guarantees monitoring and enforcement of competition rules.
- Candidate country
- In 1987, Turkey applied to join what was then the European Economic Community, and in 1997 it was declared eligible to join the EU.
- Turkey's involvement with European integration dates back to 1959 and includes the Ankara Association Agreement (1963) for the progressive establishment of a Customs Union (ultimately set up in 1995).
- Accession negotiations started in 2005, but until Turkey agrees to apply the Additional Protocol of the Ankara Association Agreement to Cyprus, eight negotiation chapters will not be opened and no chapter will be provisionally closed.
Last update: 07 2023