The Republic of Turkey possesses limited oil and gas reserves, but significant potentials for recoverable unconventional gas. Despite having enormous renewable energy potentials, very little of this potential is currently being utilized. The energy supply of Turkey is predominantly covered by the use of fossil fuels.
The Republic of Turkey remains highly dependent on oil and natural gas for its power generation. Coal is the second largest fuel source, followed by hydropower. Hydropower potentials can fluctuate drastically from year to year due to the occurrence of severe droughts.
Turkey is a net importer of electricity and has been importing between 4.5 and 6 TWh since 2013 (Source: ENERDATA Country Report).
In 2019, coal contributed the highest (37%) to power generation in the Republic of Turkey, followed by hydropower, gas and wind.
Calculations: Austrian Energy Agency
Last update: 12 2020