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General information – Energy Country Profile

General Country Information - Energy Administration

  • Area: 77.474 sq km 
  • Agricultural land: 57.9% (2018 est.)
    • arable land: 37.7% (2018 est.)
    • permanent crops: 3.4% (2018 est.)
    • permanent pasture: 16.8% (2018 est.)
  • Forest: 31.6% (2018 est.)
  • Other: 10.5% (2018 est.)
  • Population: 6,739,471 (July 2022 est.)
  • GDP: $125.8 billion (2020 est.)
  • GDP per Capita: $18,200 (2020 est.)

Public Administration

  • Country name: Republic of Serbia
  • Capital: Belgrade
  • Apart from Central Serbia, the Republic of Serbia also contains two autonomous provinces: Vojvodina and Kosovo-Metohija currently under the interim civil and military administration of the UN, in accordance with United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244.

Energy Administration

  • The Ministry of Mines and Energy is the main governing body oversseing all energy related topics in Serbia. It consists of five main departements: electricity, oil & gas, energy efficiency & renewables, geology & mining and European integration & international cooperation.
  • The Energy Agency of the Republic of Serbia (AERS), was established by the Energy Law in 2005 to act as a regulatory body of the energy sector. The Agency is mainly responsible for implementing the necessary mechanisms for the stable performance of the energy market (tariffs, market access, network interconnections etc). The AERS is a legal entity that is functionally independent of any state body, energy entity or user of its products and services, and of any other legal or physical entity.

Membership Status

  • Candidate


  • Serbia – along with 5 other Western Balkans countries – was identified as a potential candidate for EU membership during the Thessaloniki European Council summit in 2003.
  • In 2008, a European partnership for Serbia was adopted, setting out priorities for the country's membership application, and in 2009 Serbia formally applied.
  • In December 2009, the visa-free travel to the EU was granted to Serbia.
  • In March 2012 Serbia was granted EU candidate status.
  • In September 2013 a Stabilization and Association Agreement between the EU and Serbia entered into force. In line with the decision of the European Council in June 2013 to open accession negotiations with Serbia, the Council adopted in December 2013 the negotiating framework and agreed to hold the 1st Intergovernmental Conference with Serbia in January 2014.
  • In June 2018 14 chapters out of 35 opened of which 2 provisionally closed.
  • In 2019, Chapter 4 - Free movement of capital and Chapter 9 - Financial service were opened. 

Source: European Commission - European Neighborhood Policy And Enlargement Negotiation

Last update: 07 2023