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Energy policy – Energy Country Profile

Energy Policy

The amendment in 2007 to the 1997 energy law liberalised the electricity and gas markets and introduced a new support scheme for renewable energy sources.

The National Energy Sector Development Plan until 2020 includes two parts, the development plan for enhancing the use of biomass and bioenergy and the energy conservation target programme.

The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications of Estonia publishes the main points of the National Development Plan of the Energy Sector until 2020 on its website.

Estonia 2020 (approved by the Government in 2011) establishes two major priorities of the Government in moving towards an environmentally sustainable economy and energy sector:

  • implementing long-term structural changes in the energy sector in harmony with Estonia’s energy security and energy efficiency objectives;
  • reducing general resource intensity, including the energy intensity of the economy, by increasing energy efficiency

Estonia's energy policy and strategy aim to ensure a secure, affordable, and sustainable energy supply for the country. The key goals of the policy include reducing dependence on imported energy, increasing the share of renewable energy sources in the energy mix, improving energy efficiency, and promoting innovation and competitiveness in the energy sector.

To achieve these goals, Estonia has developed a range of policies and measures, including:

  1. Promoting the use of renewable energy sources, such as wind, solar, biomass, and geothermal energy, through feed-in tariffs and other support mechanisms.

  2. Improving energy efficiency in buildings, industry, and transport through energy audits, labeling, and standards.

  3. Developing a competitive and integrated energy market in the Baltic region to improve energy security and reduce dependence on Russian gas.

  4. Investing in research and development to support innovation in the energy sector, including the development of new technologies and business models.

  5. Encouraging the use of alternative fuels in transport, such as biofuels and electric vehicles.

Overall, Estonia's energy policy and strategy aim to promote a transition to a low-carbon and sustainable energy system while ensuring the security and affordability of energy supply for Estonian citizens and businesses.

Last update: 07 2023