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General information – Energy Country Profile

General Country Information - Energy Administration

  • Area: 238,391 sq km
  • Arable land: 39.1%
  • Permanent crops: 1,9%
  • Population: 21,529,967 (July 2017 est.)
  • GDP (purchasing power parity): $474 billion (2017 est.)
  • GDP per capita (purchasing power parity): $24.000 (2017 est.)
  • GDP composition per sector: agriculture 4.2% | industry 33.2% | services 64.4% (2017 est.

Public Administration

  • Country name: Romania
  • Capital: Bucharest
  • Administrative Divisions:
    • 41 counties (judete, singular - judet): Alba, Arad, Arges, Bacau, Bihor, Bistrita-Nasaud, Botosani, Braila, Brasov, Buzau, Calarasi, Caras-Severin, Cluj, Constanta, Covasna, Dimbovita, Dolj, Galati, Gorj, Giurgiu, Harghita, Hunedoara, Ialomita, Iasi, Ilfov, Maramures, Mehedinti, Mures, Neamt, Olt, Prahova, Salaj, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Suceava, Teleorman, Timis, Tulcea, Vaslui, Vilcea, Vrancea
    • 1 municipality (municipiu): Bucuresti (Bucharest)

Energy Administration & Institutions

The energy sector falls under the responsibility of the Ministry of Energy, which includes applying the government energy programmes and strategies at all levels of administration, while also monitoring developments in the energy sector.

ANRE, which is the result of the merging between the electricity regulator ANRE and the natural gas regulator ANRGN in 2007 - has the mission of creating and implementing the appropriate regulatory system to ensure the proper functioning of the electricity and natural gas sector and markets. “In 2010, ANRE took over the activity of the Romanian Agency for Energy Conservation (ARCE), therefore assuming the responsibility to monitor and implement energy efficiency measures and promote the use of renewable energy sources to the final consumer” (Source: ANRE).

Other important institutions in the energy sector include:



Membership status

  • Romania is an EU member country since 1 January 2007.
  • Romania will hold the presidency of the Council of the EU for the first time from July to December 2019.

Last update: 07 2023