Energy resources, especially natural gas and biomass, are rather abundant in Romania. Oil production has remained rather stable since 2012, after facing a slight decline in the years shortly after 2002. However, oil imports have been continually rising since 2013 due to increased demand in the transport sector. Production of Lignite fell between 2011 and 2013 as a result of decreased demand from thermal power plants, but has been exeriencing a steady upward trend.
Three companies contribute to the bulk of power generation: Hidroelectrica (28% of total generation), CE Oltenia (21%) and Nuclearelectrica (18%). Currently, Romania has two 650 MW nuclear reactors at the Cernavoda site.
In 2017, coal contributed the highest (27%) to power generation in Romania, followed by hydropower, nuclear and then gas.
Calculations: Austrian Energy Agency
Last update: 09 2019