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Energy policy – Energy Country Profile

Energy Policy

The Polish policy of renewable energy and energy efficiency has been defined in several documents, of which the most important are:

  • National Energy Efficiency Action Plans (2007, 2011 and 2014).
  • Poland’s Energy Policy (Polityka Energetyczna Polski) until 2030,

Poland adopted its Energy Policy until 2030 (EPP) in 2009 defining five main goals:

  • improvement of energy efficiency,
  • stabilization of security of energy supply,
  • diversity of the power mix,
  • increased use of renewable energy,
  • development of competitive energy markets

The country’s energy policy strategy, issued by the Ministry of Economy in 2009, is mostly focused on improving energy security, efficiency and competitiveness. It implies a small reduction in overall GHG emissions by 2020, and a 4% increase between 2020 and 2030. The document presents a sectoral strategy aiming to address the key challenges that the Polish power industry faces until 2030, including growing demand for energy, inadequate fuel, energy generation and transmission infrastructure, significant dependence on external supplies of natural gas and almost complete dependence on external supplies of crude oil, as well as commitments in the field of environmental protection, including climate protection. The new Energy Policy for Poland until 2050, which will reflect the decisions made on the EU 2030 climate policy, is under preparation. In March 2015 Poland adopted a renewable energy law and the new support scheme entered into force in July 2016.

Poland's energy policy and strategy focuses on ensuring energy security, reducing dependence on imported energy, and transitioning towards a low-carbon economy. The country aims to diversify its energy mix by increasing the share of renewable energy sources, including wind and solar power, while also utilizing domestic coal resources. In addition, Poland is investing in modernizing its energy infrastructure, including the development of new transmission and distribution networks. The country's energy policy also includes measures to increase energy efficiency, such as improving building insulation and promoting the use of energy-efficient technologies.

Last update: 07 2023