According to the 2009 energy strategy document (EPP 2030), energy supply should consist of a mix between cogeneration, renewables, grid modernization, and nuclear. With this end, the EPP establishes measurable targets, for example: increase the percentage of renewable energy sources to 15% by 2020 and to 20% by 2030; boost the share of biofuels in transportation fuels to 10%; and build at least one biogas agricultural plant in each commune by 2020.
However, with respect to energy generation, coal remains the dominant source of fuel, while renewables experienced a steady rise. From 8,7% in 2009, the share of renewable energy sources in final energy consumption raised progressively to 14% in 2015.
The Strategy for Energy Security and Environment (ESE) identifies key reforms and necessary steps for cleaner energy and to safeguard the security of energy supply up to 2020. The key objectives include sustainable management of the environment through measures like water management, preservation of biodiversity and effective management of mineral resources. The policy strives to ensure competitive energy supply through measures such as better use of domestic energy resources, improved energy efficiency and modernisation of power industry including development of nuclear power. The government estimates that modernisation of the power sector will cut CO2 emissions by 0.4% annually. The policy document also calls for measures to reduce air pollution, cut industrial sector water use and manage waste better. The government will work towards carbon capture and storage solutions and gasification of coal, which is expected to remain the main source of energy.
Total electricity capacity is a little bit more than 170 TWh, with more than 3/4 from coal and lignite. In the last couple of years renewable energies like wind and biomass and waste have gained importance and accounted for 8.75% and 3.93% respectively in 2017.
Last update: 09 2019