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Energy policy – Energy Country Profile

Energy Policy

The Latvian policy of renewable energy and energy efficiency has been defined in several documents, of which the most important are:

  • NEEAP - National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (European Commission, 2017)
  • National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP, 2009) until 2020
  • Long-Term Energy Strategy of Latvia 2030 (Latvia’s Ministry of Economics, 2013)

The most important points and targets of these documents, according to the energy policy of Latvia, will be given in the following paragraphs.

atvia's energy policy and strategy aim to ensure a secure, affordable, and sustainable energy supply for the country. The key goals of the policy include reducing dependence on imported energy, increasing the share of renewable energy sources in the energy mix, improving energy efficiency, and promoting innovation and competitiveness in the energy sector.

To achieve these goals, Latvia has developed a range of policies and measures, including:

  1. Promoting the use of renewable energy sources, such as wind, solar, biomass, and geothermal energy, through support mechanisms such as feed-in tariffs and tenders.

  2. Improving energy efficiency in buildings, industry, and transport through energy audits, labeling, and standards.

  3. Developing a competitive and integrated energy market in the Baltic region to improve energy security and reduce dependence on Russian gas.

  4. Encouraging the use of alternative fuels in transport, such as biofuels and electric vehicles.

  5. Investing in research and development to support innovation in the energy sector, including the development of new technologies and business models.

Overall, Latvia's energy policy and strategy aim to promote a transition to a low-carbon and sustainable energy system while ensuring the security and affordability of energy supply for Latvian citizens and businesses.

Energy Policy targets 2030:

  • Share of RES in gross Final Energy Consumption: ≥ 50%
  • Maximum heat energy consumption by households of 100 kWh/m²

Since Latvia is a member of the European Union, it is also a member of the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change), which has set itself a GHG reduction of 40 % by 2030 compared to 1990 (time period: 1. January 2021 to 31. December 2030).

Last update: 07 2023