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Energy policy – Energy Country Profile

Energy Policy

The Latvian policy of renewable energy and energy efficiency has been defined in several documents, of which the most important are:

  • NEEAP - National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (European Commission, 2017)
  • National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP, 2009) until 2020
  • Long-Term Energy Strategy of Latvia 2030 (Latvia’s Ministry of Economics, 2013)

The most important points and targets of these documents, according to the energy policy of Latvia, will be given in the following paragraphs.

The main topics of Latvia’s energy policy for 2020 are Safety, Competitive capacity, RES and Energy Efficiency.

Energy Policy targets 2020:

  • RES in gross Final Energy Consumption: ≥ 40%
  • Share of RES in Gross electricity consumption: 60%
              o Hydro: 58.8%
              o Solar: 0.1 %
              o Wind: 17.5 %
              o Biomass: 23.6 %
  • Energy savings in:
              o Primary energy consumption: 0.670 Mtoe
              o Finaly energy consumption: 0.457 Mtoe
  • Maximum heat energy consumption by households of 153 kWh/m²
  • GHG intensity: ≤ 0.80 t CO2 ekv.

Energy Policy targets 2030:

  • Share of RES in gross Final Energy Consumption: ≥ 50%
  • Maximum heat energy consumption by households of 100 kWh/m²

Since Latvia is a member of the European Union, it is also a member of the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change), which has set itself a GHG reduction of 40 % by 2030 compared to 1990 (time period: 1. January 2021 to 31. December 2030).

Last update: 09 2019