Area: 28.748 sq km (water: 1.350 sq km, land: 27.398 sq km)
Arable land: 22,3%
Climate: mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter
Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, coal, bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower, arable land
Population: 3.1. million (2022 est.)
Population growth rate: 0.22% (2022 est.)
GDP (purchasing power parity): $37.73 billion (2020 est.)
GDP per capita purchasing power parity: - $13,300 (2020 est.)
- Country name: Republic of Albania
- Capital: Tirana (Tirane)
- Adminstrative divisions: 12 counties (qarqe, singular - qark); Berat, Diber, Durres, Elbasan, Fier, Gjirokaster, Korce, Kukes, Lezhe, Shkoder, Tirane, Vlore
- The Ministry of Infrastructures and Energy supervises the energy sector.
- The National Agency of Natural Resources (AKBN) is in charge of
implementing the energy policy and regulating the hydrocarbon sector and
- An Energy Regulatory Entity (ERE), in charge of regulating the energy market
and electricity prices, was set up in 1995.
The Albania Energy Administration is an agency responsible for regulating and overseeing the energy sector in Albania. Its main role is to ensure the efficient and sustainable use of energy resources, as well as to promote the development of renewable energy sources. They also work to ensure the safety and reliability of the energy infrastructure in Albania.
- Candidate country
- Albania was identified as a potential candidate for EU membership during the Thessaloniki European Council summit in June 2003.
- In 2009, Albania submitted its formal application for EU membership.
- In October 2012, Commission recommended that Albania be granted EU candidate status, subject to completion of key measures in the areas of judicial and public administration reform and revision of the parliamentary rules of procedures.
- In June 2014 the EU candidate country status was granted.
- In April 2018, the Commission recommended the opening of accession negotiations.
- In June 2018, the Council set out the path towards opening accession negotiations.
- On 25 March 2020 the Council decided to open accession negotiations.
- In July 2020 the draft negotigation framework was presented to the Member States
Being a candidate country for EU membership Albania is a member of the Energy Community. It is required to transpose the EU acquis and the Third Energy Package (rules for the internal gas and electricity markets, transmission and interconnections).
Source: European Commission - European Neighbourhood Policy And Enlargement Negotiation
Last update: 07 2023