Referring to the energy sources in Albania hydro and lignite have the greatest potential. Albania has an estimated hydro potential of 12 TWh. Albania also has huge lignite reserves which are about 522 Mt. although its sulphur content is high (over 3%). The country has a significant potential of other renewable sources (13 TWh/year of biomass power generation, 11 TWh/year of wind and 33 MW of solar).
Total electricity capacity is 2.2 GW. In 2018 Albania’s electricity supply consists of 96% of hydropower. The main hydroelectric plants in Albania are: Koman (600 MW), Fierzë (500 MW) and Vau i Dejes (250 MW). These plants are situated in the north of the country on the Drin River. In 2012, the 48 MW Ashta hydropower plant and in 2016 the Statkraft 73 MW Banja hydropower project (as part of its 256 MW Devoll project) was comissioned.
The following graphs show that oil was also used for power supply until 2011. The graph also shows that electricity production is solely depending on the hydro levels, since thermal power plants are not operating. After 2011 hydropower electricity production was entirely dependent on hydro levels, ranging between 4 TWh and 8 TWh. Since 2017, due to the diversification attempts, 5% of the production comes from oil. The electricity production was 8,6 TW in 2018.
One of the biggest hydro power projects is the 256 MW Devoll project. In September 2016, the company Statkraft commissioned the 73 MW Banja hydropower project, which is a part of the Devoll project.
The largest energy source to supply Albania is oil followed by electrical energy. The oil production has tripled since 2004, reaching 1.4 Mt in 2014. Due to the low international prices cut investments and crude oil production has fallen by 33% since then to 0.9 Mt in 2018. Most of this production is exported.
The natural gas production is marginal (47 mcm in 2018). There is no import.
Coal production is marginal (300 kt in 2018). It is produced from 8 mines (Memaliaj, Mborje-Drenove, Gore, Verdove, Alarup, Krabe, Mushqeta and Priske). Albania only imports small amounts of coal (less than 113 kt in 2018).
Last update: 09 2020