Referring to the energy sources in Albania hydro and lignite have the greatest potential. Albania has an estimated hydro potential of 2 GW. Albania also has huge lignite reserves which are about 522 Mt. although its sulphur content is high (over 3%). The country has a significant potential of other renewable sources (1 - 2.15 GW of wind and up to 1.9 GW of solar).
Total electricity capacity is 2.3 GW. In 2019 Albania’s electricity supply consisted of 96% of hydropower. The main hydroelectric plants in Albania are: Koman (600 MW), Fierzë (500 MW) and Vau i Dejes (250 MW). These plants are situated in the north of the country on the Drin River. In 2012, the 48 MW Ashta hydropower plant and in 2016 the Statkraft 73 MW Banja hydropower project (as part of its 256 MW Devoll project) was comissioned.
Oil was also used for power supply until 2011. The graph also shows that electricity production is solely depending on the hydro levels, since thermal power plants are not operating. After 2011 hydropower electricity production was entirely dependent on hydro levels, ranging between 4 TWh and 8 TWh. Since 2017, due to the diversification attempts, 5% of the production comes from oil. The electricity production haas fallen from 8,6 TW (in 2018) by 39% to 5.2 TWh in 2019.
The largest energy source to supply Albania is oil followed by electrical energy. The oil production has tripled between 2004 and 2014. Due to the low international prices cut investments and crude oil production has fallen by 27% since then to 1.1 Mt in 2019. Most of this production is exported (65% in 2019).
The natural gas production is marginal (29 mcm in 2019). There is no import.
Coal production is marginal (95 kt in 2019). It is produced from 8 mines (Memaliaj, Mborje-Drenove, Gore, Verdove, Alarup, Krabe, Mushqeta and Priske). Albania only imports small amounts of coal (less than 163 kt in 2019).
Last update: 03 2021