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Energy policy – Energy Country Profile

Energy Policy

National Energy and Climate Plan

In order to minimize the reporting burden for European Union Member States, the European Commission has come up with a new governance regulation, which states that MS have to lay out their climate and energy targets, policies and measures in their Integrated National Energy and Climate Plans (NECP). Slovakia's National Energy and Climate Plan is in line with its Energy Strategy (see section below) and therefore emphasizes increasing the share of low-carbon and carbon-free electricity generation, optimizing the share of renewables especially in heat generation and supporting efficient centralised heat supply systems. Energy efficiency continues to be a central element in the country's energy strategy. In addition, Slovakia aims to reduce the share of coal in heating with renewables in order to limit greenhouse gas emissions.

Energy Strategy 

The latest Energy Strategy for Slovakia was accepted in November 2014. This strategy paper defines the key objectives and priorities of the energy sector by 2035 and provides an outlook until 2050. The objectives are to reduce the country's energy dependency, to increase the stability of energy supply, as well as to promote the development of renewable energy sources and energy saving measures. One key focus is the expansion of nuclear energy as the share of nuclear power in electricity production should be increased to 60 % by 2020. Presently, Slovakia already has the third-highest consumption of nuclear power per capita.

Other priorities for energy policy include: the introduction of intelligent measuring systems and intelligent networks, the promotion of highly efficient combined heat and power (CHP) cogeneration, and the development of a more balanced energy mix, the expansion and modernization of energy infrastructure, the reduction of energy intensity, the improvement of the safety and reliability of nuclear power plants, and the goal towards achieving a sustainable energy economy.

According to the Energy Strategy, Slovakia imports nearly 90% of its primary energy sources: nuclear fuel (100%), natural gas (98%), petroleum (99%) and coal (68%). In order to achieve stability of the primary energy supply, a diversification of the transmission paths is very important. At present, there is a high risk of supply interruptions of natural gas, petroleum, black coal and nuclear fuel. In the field of coal mining, Slovakia will ensure sufficient amounts of domestic coal for electricity generation for the population and the industry by 2035.

Last update: 07 2023