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General information – Energy Country Profile

General Country Information - Energy Administration

  • Area: 93.030 sq km  
  • Arable land: 48,5% (2017)
  • Permanent crops: 1,97% (2017)
  • Forest land: 2,5% (2017) 
  • Population: 9.874.784 (2016)
  • GDP: US$267,6 billion (2016)
  • GDP per capita:  US$27.200 (2016)
  • GDP composition per sector: agriculture 3,5% industry 31,8% services 64,7% (2016 est.)

The Ministry for Innovation and Technology (State Secretary for Energy and Climate Policy) is responsible for the energy administration of Hungary.  

The former Energy Office (MEH) was replaced by the Hungarian Energy and Public Utility Regulatory Authority (HEA or MEKH) who is in charge of regulating the electricity and gas sectors. 

The Energy Centre was replaced in May 2012 by a new entity, the National Environmental Protection and Energy Centre: its main focus is the management of Europena Union Funds.

A law ratified by Parliament in 2003 aims to end the monopolies, enable the privatisation of gas import and export activites and liberalise the access to storage and distribution infrastrutures.

The main power sources of Hungary are still gas and nuclear.

Hungary is an EU member country since 1 May 2004 and has 21 seats in the European Parliament. 

Hungary has a permanent representation in Brussels that ensures a communication with the EU bodies. This representation of the country intends to make sure that the country's interests are well represented in the EU.

Hungary took over the presidency of the Council of the EU between Jan-Jun 2011.


Last update: 09 2019