Skip to main content

Energy demand – Energy Country Profile

Energy Demand

Since 2018, overall energy consumption has declined by roughly 2% annually. Since 2010, the proportion of oil in total consumption has increased by 3 percent. The country uses 2.7 toe of energy per person, which is 13% less than the EU average, and 4 200 kWh of electricity, 24% less than the norm (2019).
After experiencing a rapid increase between 2014 and 2018 (+4%/year), total energy consumption declined by 1.7 %/year from 2018 to 2020. Since 2010, the proportion of oil in total consumption has climbed by 3 points, reaching about 27% in 2020, while the ratios of gas, coal, and lignite have decreased, with the shares of each falling by 3 points to 33% and 4 points, respectively.
Nuclear power and biomass maintain market shares of 15% and 10%, respectively.

Following a 4.5% increase between 2014 and 2016, final energy consumption has been constant since 2017. In the past, it fell between 2010 and 2013 by 1.9%.
In favor of oil, which increased from 31% in 2010 to 35% in 2020, the share of gas has been falling since 2010 (from 34% to 31% in 2020).


By 2020, buildings will be responsible for 43% of all final energy use, including homes and businesses. Since 2000, the proportion of industry has been broadly consistent. However, it sharply decreased after 1990, when industrial production was reorganized in favor of sectors requiring less energy (22% in 2020 as opposed to 30% in 1990). Transport's percentage increased significantly from 17% in 2000 to 22% in 2020.


Last update: 07 2023