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Energy demand – Energy Country Profile

Energy Demand

After a 15% fall between 2000 and 2013, oil consumption has been rising by 6.8%/year since 2013, reaching 7.2 Mt in 2017. Gas consumption experienced a rapid fall between 2005 and 2014 with 8.9 bcm. After a recovery period (+6.2%/year), reached 11 bcm in 2017.

Half of the gas is consumed by households and services (51% in 2016). The share of industry in gas consumption has increased since 2000, from 18% to 22% in 2016 (including non–energy uses), a share higher than that of the power sector (16%).

Electricity consumption experienced a rapid increase (+2.4%/year) between 2000 and 2008 before stagnating around 36 TWh until 2014. Since then, it has been rising again (+3%year through 2017, and +2.6% in 2017 alone) and reached 39,2 TWh in 2017.


Industry was the largest final energy consumer, responsible for 42% the final energy consumption. Households (29%) and services (21%) account for half of electricity consumption.


Last update: 09 2019