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Energy supply – Energy Country Profile

Energy Supply


As of 2019, total installed power capacity in Croatia stood at 4.9 GW, consisting mainly of hydro (2.1 GW) and thermal (2.1 GW). and wind 646 MW at end of 2019.The solar capacity is limited (62 MW). Hydropower plays an important role in Croatia's power generation mix as it represents nearly 50% of total installed power capacity and is therefore highly dependant on hydrological conditions.

Source: Enerdata

Due to the heavy dependence of power generation on hydrological conditions. It declined by 9.6% in 2019 to 13 TWh as hydropower generation fell by 24%. The share of hydro in the power mix fell to 47% and that of gas and coal increased to 31 and 13%. The share of wind has doubled since 2014, reaching 12% in 2019 (1% for solar). Overall, renewables account for two-third of the power mix.

Source: Enerdata

Oil & Gas

After falling significnatly in 2013, crude oil production remained low and stable at 0.8 Mt since 2016 and declined by 11% in 2020 (based on preliminary statistics). The country has two refineries owned by the state oil and gas company INA. One refinery is located in Rijeka (90.000 b/d capacity), the other in Sisak (44.000 b/d). Due to the long overhaul a long overhaul of the Rijeka refinery in 2019, crude oil imports were cut by 30% to 2.3 Mt and to raise oil product imports by 33% to 2.6 Mt. Oil product imports fell by 22% to less than 2 Mt in 2020.

While gas production stood at 2.5 bcm and covered more than 90% of the country's needs in 2009, it has been falling ever since then and reached 1.7 bcm before rebounding in 2015 to 1.9 bcm and covering nearly 70 % of demand. It contunied to fall to 1 bcm in 2019 covering 35% of the country`s needs. Local provider Plinarco has invested heavily into the extension of the national gas pipeline network mainly to supply all areas in the country. The most important gas fields are Molve, Kalinovac and Steri Gradec (Pannonian and North Adriatic fields). The remaining gas demand is imported from Russia and Italy. MOL started production at two new fields (Vuckovec & Zebanec) in 2016 and another field (Vukanovec) will start production soon. The three fields are estimated to contain around 1 bcm of gas and the bulk will be exploited by 2024.

Croatia imported around 1.7 bcm in 2019. 

Source: Enerdata

Last update: 03 2021