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Energy supply – Energy Country Profile

Energy Supply

Electricity

As of 2018, total installed power capacity in Croatia stood at 4.9 GW, consisting mainly of hydro (2.2 GW) and thermal (2.1 GW). Wind capacity reached 519 MW at end of 2018. Hydropower plays an important role in Croatia's power generation mix as it represents nearly 50% of total installed power capacity and is therefore highly dependant on hydrological conditions.

Source: Enerdata

Due to the heavy dependence of power generation on hydroligal conditions, the power generation grew by 15% in 2018 as hydropower generation rose by 41%, reducing thermal power generation (-20% for gas and -8% for coal). Wind power generation is increasing, it was about 10% of the power generation in 2018.

Source: Enerdata

Oil & Gas

After falling significnatly in 2013, crude oil production increased over 2014 and in 2015 also grew by nearly 14 % to some 0.76 mt. The country has two refineries owned by the state oil and gas company INA. One refinery is located in Rijeka (90.000 b/d capacity), the other in Sisak (44.000 b/d). Recently, the government has been in talks about potentially shutting down or repurposing the Sisak refinery, yet to date no decisions have been made on this topic. As a result, Croatia has to mainly import its oil and oil products and these increased by 19 % in 2015. The country produced 0.8 Mt in 2018.

While gas production stood at 2.5 bcm and covered more than 90% of the country's needs in 2009, it has been falling ever since then and reached 1.7 bcm before rebounding in 2015 to 1.9 bcm and covering nearly 70 % of demand. It contunied to fall to 1.2 bcm in 2018 covering 45% of the country`s needs. Local provider Plinarco has invested heavily into the extension of the national gas pipeline network mainly to supply all areas in the country. The most important gas fields are Molve, Kalinovac and Steri Gradec (Pannonian and North Adriatic fields). The remaining gas demand is imported from Russia (90%) and Italy. MOL started production at two new fields (Vuckovec & Zebanec) in 2016 and another field (Vukanovec) will start production soon. The three fields are estimated to contain around 1 bcm of gas and the bulk will be exploited by 2024.

Croatia imported around 1.6 bcm in 2018. 

Source: Enerdata

Last update: 09 2020