As of 2016, total installed power capacity in Croatia stood at 4.8 GW, consisting mainly of hydro (2.2 GW) and thermal (2.1 GW). Wind capacity reached 527 MW at end of 2017. Hydropower plays an important role in Croatia's power generation mix as it represents nearly 50% of total installed power capacity and is therefore highly dependant on hydrological conditions.
Due to the heavy dependence of power generation on hydroligal conditions, the power generation grew by 14% in 2016 as hydropower generation rose by 7%. Accordig to preliminary estimation the total power generation will decrease by 7% due to a 20% fall in hydropower. Wind power generation is increasing, it was about 11% of the power generation in 2017.
Oil & Gas
After falling significnatly in 2013, crude oil production increased over 2014 and in 2015 also grew by nearly 14 % to some 0.76 mt. The country has two refineries owned by the state oil and gas company INA. One refinery is located in Rijeka (90.000 b/d capacity), the other in Sisak (44.000 b/d). Recently, the government has been in talks about potentially shutting down or repurposing the Sisak refinery, yet to date no decisions have been made on this topic. As a result, Croatia has to mainly import its oil and oil products and these increased by 19 % in 2015. The country produced 0.5 Mt in 2016.
While gas production stood at 2.5 bcm and covered more than 90% of the country's needs in 2009, it has been falling ever since then and reached 1.7 bcm before rebounding in 2015 to 1.9 bcm and covering nearly 70 % of demand. Local provider Plinarco has invested heavily into the extension of the national gas pipeline network mainly to supply all areas in the country. The most important gas fields are Molve, Kalinovac and Steri Gradec (Pannonian and North Adriatic fields). The remaining gas demand is imported from Russia (90%) and Italy. INA recently started production at two new fields (Vuckovec & Zebanec) in 2016 and another field (Vukanovec) was expected to start in early 2017. Combined capacity of all three fields is seen at around 1bcm and should be fully expolited by 2024.
The domestic production in 2016 only covered 61% of the country’s needs, down from 84% in 2010. Croatia imported around 1.1 bcm in 2016 and according to preliminary statistics the import will rise by 40% (1.8 bn) in 2017.
Last update: 09 2019