Total energy consumption dipped by 4% in 2020 to 8.3 Mtoe. It remained relatively stable between 2017 and 2019 at around 8.7 Mtoe, after a 2.8%/year increase between 2014 and 2017 with the economic recovery. Previously, it declined by an average of 3.1%/year between 2007 and 2014.
Oil & Gas
After falling significnatly in 2013, crude oil production remained low and stable at 0.8 Mt since 2016 and declined by 11% in 2020 (based on preliminary statistics). The country has two refineries owned by the state oil and gas company INA. One refinery is located in Rijeka (90.000 b/d capacity), the other in Sisak (44.000 b/d). Due to the long overhaul a long overhaul of the Rijeka refinery in 2019, crude oil imports were cut by 30% to 2.3 Mt and to raise oil product imports by 33% to 2.6 Mt. Oil product imports fell by 22% to less than 2 Mt in 2020.
While gas production stood at 2.5 bcm and covered more than 90% of the country's needs in 2009, it has been falling ever since then and reached 1.7 bcm before rebounding in 2015 to 1.9 bcm and covering nearly 70 % of demand. It contunied to fall to 1 bcm in 2019 covering 35% of the country`s needs. Local provider Plinarco has invested heavily into the extension of the national gas pipeline network mainly to supply all areas in the country. The most important gas fields are Molve, Kalinovac and Steri Gradec (Pannonian and North Adriatic fields). The remaining gas demand is imported from Russia and Italy. MOL started production at two new fields (Vuckovec & Zebanec) in 2016 and another field (Vukanovec) will start production soon. The three fields are estimated to contain around 1 bcm of gas and the bulk will be exploited by 2024.
The target of the National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP, 2013) for a share of 20% of renewables in the final energy consumption in 2020 was largely exceeded. As of 2019, total installed power capacity in Croatia stood at 4.9 GW, consisting mainly of hydro (2.1 GW) and thermal (2.1 GW). and wind 646 MW at end of 2019.The solar capacity is limited (62 MW). Hydropower plays an important role in Croatia's power generation mix as it represents nearly 50% of total installed power capacity and is therefore highly dependant on hydrological conditions.
According to the NECP, the share of renewables in the final energy consumption should be raised to 36.4% in 2030 (63.8% for electricity, 36.6% for heating and cooling, and 13.2% in transport). It should reach 53-65% in 2050 (Energy Development Strategy, 2020).
With hydropower being the main source of electricity production, the power mix is heavily dependant on hydrological conditions. This is reflected in the fluctuting curve in the graf below. In 2019, for example, hydropower generation fell by 24& and the share of gas and coal increased to 31% and 13%. The share of wind has doubled since 2014, reaching 13% in 2020. Overall, renewables account for about two-third of the power mix.
Last update: 06 2022