Skip to main content

Energy demand – Energy Country Profile

Energy Demand

The total energy consumption dipped by 4% in 2020 to 8.3 Mtoe. It remained relatively stable between 2017 and 2019 at around 8.7 Mtoe, after a 2.8%/year increase between 2014 and 2017 with the economic recovery. Previously, it declined by an average of 3.1%/year between 2007 and 2014.

Consumption of petroleum products has declined sharply since 2017 (-6.5 %/year) and will reach 2.7 million t in 2020. Gas consumption has increased rapidly since 2014 (+3.7%/year) and will reach 3 bcm in 2020. In 2020, lower hydropower generation will contribute to a 23% increase in gas consumption in the power sector and a 4.6% increase in total gas consumption. Coal consumption halved from 2010 to 2018 and recovered in 2019 (+17% to 0.7 Mt) against low hydropower availability before declining again in 2020 (-16% to 0.6 Mt). 

Electricity consumption declined by 6% to 15.6 TWh in 2020. It soared between 2000 and 2008 (+3.9%/year) and declined until 2014 (-1.4%/year), before recovering until 2018 (+2.3%/year) and stabilising in 2019 (16.6 TWh).

 

Source: Enerdata

In 2020, 47% of the energy consumption can be attributed to residential purposes, 28% to transport, 17% to industry, and 8% for other uses. 

Source: Enerdata

The target of the National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP, 2013) for a share of 20% of renewables in the final energy consumption in 2020 was largely exceeded (31% in 2020, including 54% for power, 37% for heating and cooling, and 6.6% for transport).

According to the NECP, the share of renewables in the final energy consumption should be raised to 36.4% in 2030 (63.8% for electricity, 36.6% for heating and cooling, and 13.2% in transport). It should reach 53-65% in 2050 (Energy Development Strategy, 2020).

Source: Enerdata

 

 

 

 

Last update: 06 2022