Energy policy

The EU energy policy for the period 2020 to 2030 defines 3 main goals:

  • security of supply
  • competitiveness
  • sustainability

The targets as specified for 2030 are as follows:

  • 40% cut in greenhouse gas emissions compared to 1990 levels
  • at least a 27% share of renewable energy consumption
  • at least 27% energy savings compared with the business-as-usual scenario

The energy strategy untill 2030 is an advancement of the energy strategy for the period 2010 to 2020 that was based on the following goals:

  • reduce greenhouse gases by at least 20%
  • increase the share of renewable energy in the EU's energy mix to at least 20% of consumption
  • improve energy efficiency by at least 20%

To meet the targets, the following policies until 2030 are proposed:

  • A reformed EU emissions trading scheme (ETS)
  • New indicators for the competitiveness and security of the energy system, such as price differences with major trading partners, diversification of supply, and interconnection capacity between EU countries
  • First ideas on a new governance system based on national plans for competitive, secure, and sustainable energy. These plans will follow a common EU approach. They will ensure stronger investor certainty, greater transparency, enhanced policy coherence and improved coordination across the EU.

Energy efficiency and energy from renewables are expected to support the achievement of the defined targets. The details for each country, in order to reach the overall-goals, are specified in the action plans for energy efficiency and renewable energy.

The energy policy should in addition to these goals also specify, how the future demand for energy will be met. The European Energy policy should be a Strategy for Sustainable, Competitive and Secure Energy.  Further goals of an energy policy may be a low-carbon economy combined with a reduction of climate change.

CEE-countries who are in the EU try to specify their "targets", the corresponding trajectories and to define NEEAPs and NREAPs. An overview of the action plans is presented here.

Source: European Union, Energy Strategy to 2030

Bosnia & Herzegovina
Czech Republic
North Macedonia
Slovak Republic

This page offers information and latest news on energy in central and eastern Europe.

The information is prepared in the frame of a project financed by the Federal Ministry of Sustainability and Tourism.

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