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Renewable energy – Energy Country Profile

Renewable Energy

Referring to Montenegro’s NREAP a share of 36 % of energy from renewable sources in gross final energy consumption should be reached in 2020. As mentioned in the chapter above there are also other renewable energy sources beside hydropower, e.g. wind energy, solar energy and biomass.

As mentioned in chapter “Energy supply” above the theoretical hydropower potential of Montenegro was about 11 TWh/year in 2015.
The waters of Montenegro are divided into waters of the Adriatic basin and the Black Sea basin. In addition to the two existing hydropower plants on the river Zeta, HPP Piva and Perucica, there is further potential for the construction of conventional small hydropower plants on the rivers Moraca, Komarnica, Lim, Tara, and Ćehotina. Tara River is under natural conservation protection.

Wind energy
Another renewable energy source in Montenegro is wind energy. Several studies were made in order to determine the wind power potential of Montenegro.
For example the CETMA study “Renewable Energy Resource Assessment Republic of Montenegro” published a set of maps of the Montenegrin territory indicating wind speed [m/s] and the average power density [W/m²] at a height of 50m above ground level (a.g.l.). According to the study the average wind velocity ranges between 5-7 m/s and 7-8 m/s depending on the area. Power density shows values in the range of 100-300 W/m² with the potential to increase up to 400 W/m². Another good example for wind potential in Montenegro is a wind atlas which was published by the Danish producer of wind turbines VESTAS in 2010.

Solar energy
Another big potential referring to renewable energy sources is solar energy in Montenegro. The total number of sunshine hours in Montenegro is about 2,000 per year, almost everywhere in the country. According to the study by the Österreichische Entwicklungsbank the solar potential of Podgorica, the capital of Montenegro, is approximately 1,600 kWh/m². 
Use of solar energy in Montenegro is mainly for domestic hot water preparation. A switch of households form electric boilers to solar energy could take place only with higher electricity prices. Also for the tourism sector it turned that the installation of solar systems would increase the energy prices.

As mentioned in chapter “Energy supply” above biomass is very important for Montenegro’s energy supply. One of the main objectives during the second phase of the FODEMO project financed by the Kingdom of Luxembourg in cooperation with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development is the start of the biomass market in Montenegro. Additional results of the FODEMO project are the development of the Action Plan for the use of tree biomass and the improvement of the Methodology of collecting data on the consumption of biomass for energy purposes in Montenegro (both in national language).

Last update: 09 2019