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General information – Energy Country Profile

General Country Information - Energy Administration

  • Area: 13.812 sq km (water: 360 sq km, land: 13.452 sq km)
  • Arable land: 12.9%
  • Permanent crops: 1.2%
  • Permanent pasture: 24.1%
  • Forest land: 40.4%
  • Other land: 21.4%
  • Population: 609,859 (July 2020 est.)
  • GDP (purchasing power parity):  $11.08 billion (2017 est.)
  • GDP per capita purchasing power parity: $17,800 (2017 est.)
  • GDP growth rate: 4.3% (2017 est.)
  • GDP composition per sector:
    • agriculture: 7.5% (2016 est.)
    • industry: 15.9% (2016 est.)
    • services: 76.6% (2016 est.)

According to the constitution of the Government of Montenegro, there are several ministries in charge for energy, energy efficiency and environmental protection.

The Ministry of Economy through the Directorate for Energy Efficiency is in charge of creating and implementing the energy efficiency policy. The Directorate for Energy Efficiency was established in November 2009.
This directorate is responsible for the implementation of Montenegro’s Energy Law, as well as the Law on Energy Efficiency.

Another important Ministry is the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism. It is divided into the following departments, which are of interest for sustainable development and environmental issues: Environment Department, Waste Management and Communal Services Department, International Cooperation and Climate Change Department and the Office for sustainable development.

Montenegro also has its own Energy Agency, which is called Regulatory Energy Agency of the Republic of Montenegro. It was founded on 22. January 2004, according to the Energy Law from 2003. The agency is independent and a non-profit organization with public authorization. The agency runs a budget that is independent of the state budget. Most of the funds arise from issuing licenses. The agency monitors and controls the operations of subjects within the energy sector.

Membership status

  • Candidate country since 2010 


  • After separation from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, Montenegro in 2006 became independent. In 2008, the new country applied for EU membership.
  • In 2010, the Commission issued a favorable opinion on Montenegro's application, and the Council granted its candidate status.
  • In December 2011, the Council launched the accession process with a view to opening negotiations in June 2012.
  • Montenegro started accession negotiations with the EU in June 2012 and strives to join by 2020, ahead of the other countries in the Western Balkans. Of the 35 negotiation chapters, two were provisionally closed and 22 were opened. In the latest European Commission (EC) Progress Report on Montenegro issued in November 2015, the EC notes that the country has made good progress towards meeting opening benchmarks for chapters such as agriculture and rural development, energy, employment and social policy, and regional policy and preparation for structural instruments. The report also notes that particular attention needs to be paid to fulfilling the opening benchmarks in chapters such as competition policy and environment and climate change.
  • In June 2018 After six years of accession negotiations, 31 out of 35 negotiating chapters have been opened, of which 3 are provisionally closed
  • In June 2020 negotiations are opened on Competition policy (Chapter 8).

Source: European Commission - European Neighborhood Policy And Enlargement Negotiation

Last update: 07 2023