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Energy supply – Energy Country Profile

Energy Supply

Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES) in Belarus was 51,58 TWh in 2020. 

Domestic gas and oil resources are very limited: oil is located in the Pripyat downward area in the southeast of the country where more than 80 oil deposits have been explored. The proven reserves are estimated at 27 million tonnes for oil and 20 billion cubic meters for gas. However, the country contains large reserves of oil shale, estimated at 8.800 million tonnes. Those reserves are not being exploited yet.

One of noticeable domestic fuel resources is peat and lignite.  The investigated reserves of 39 peat deposit sites exploited in Belarus constitute about 87,2 million tonnes.

TPES in Belarus contains mainly fossil fuels in form of natural gas and oil. TPES in 2020 reached almots 300 TWh.

In 2020 about 60% of the total primary energy supply came from natural gas and about 30% from oil.



Power generation in Belarusis mainly dominated by natural gas. In 2020 more than 36,500 GWh electricity were produced from natural gas.

In 2020 the overwehlming dominance of natural gas in the poweer generation mix is clearly visible.

Belarus has its first nuclear power plant under construction. The first of two units was connected to the grid in November 2020. The project is financed by Russia. 

Atomstroyexport is building the 2400 MWe plant, with two VVER-1200 reactors.


Calculations: Austrian Energy Agency

Last update: 06 2022