The energy policy lies within the Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Belarus. It was defined for the period of 2010-2020 and adopted in Dec 23, 2015 the Government (resolution No 1084) in the new Concept of energy security of the Republic of Belarus. It rests upon the following pillars:
- Sustainability, reliability and efficiency of energy supply to the growing economy
- Energy saving and energy efficiency with measures stated in the State Programme «Energy efficiency 2016-2020» (Resolution No.248 of Mar 28, 2016). The reduction of energy intensity of GDP by 2021 below the level of 2015 and by 2021 production (extraction) of primary energy should account for at least 16 % of gross consumption of fuel and energy.
- Development of renewable energy sources (RES): The policy and measures for RES developments are mainly focused on one approach, which is a sustainable, priority-oriented, efficient and rational use of RES under the conditions of enabling state support and economic incentives for such the use.
- Quantitative targets of energy intensity reduction by 60% by 2020 compared to the 2015 level.
- Reducing oil and natural gas imports
In the field of climate change, the Presidential Decree No.224 of May 7, 2012 concerning the UNFCCC negotiation process on amendment to the Kyoto Protocol a target was set up of cutting GHG emissions by 8% by 2020 compared to 1990. In 2013, the Council of Ministers in its resolution No.510 of 21 June 2013, adopted the State Climate Change Mitigation Programme for 2013-2020 where a set of measures to reach the above target was approved.
Belarus submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) in Paris in September 2015, with a pledge to reduce emissions by at least 28% in 2030 compared to 1990. This excludes emissins and removal in land use, land-use change and the forestry sector.
Last update: 06 2021