Final consumption has been growing steadily since 2002. It fell by almost 45% between 1991 and 1994, dropped slightly between 1994 and 2002 and then increased again. Total final consumption (TFC) of energy was around 18 Mtoe in 2016. Main source was oil (around 30%), followed by heat final consumption (around 27%). Around 6% originate from Biomass, coal and lignite. Since 2010 the final energy consumption is declining.
Final consumption has been growing steadily since 2002. It fell by almost 45% between 1991 and 1994, dropped slightly between 1994 and 2002 and then increased again.
As of 2016, the residential sector (34.4%), industry (28.3%), transport (31.7%) and non-energy use (5.6%) are the main sectors in final energy consumption. The residential and industry sector have dominated final energy consumption in Belarus over the past decade, albeit both have seen demand fall during 2004-16: down by 3.1% in the residential sector and by 3.9% in industry. The strongest growth rate, a 61% increase from 2004 to 2016, was seen in the transport sector, while the commercial/public services sector increased by 19%, respectively. Non-energy use experienced the largest decline to 5.6% during 2004-16.
Belarus’s energy intensity, measured as the ratio of TPES to real GDP, was 0.17 tonnes of oil equivalent (toe) per USD 1000 GDP PPP (2010 prices) in 2014. Since 2004, energy intensity in Belarus has declined by 39.5%, down from 0.29 toe/USD 1000 GDP PPP. Energy intensity has been declining since the mid-1990s due to strong economic growth and TPES which is growing at a comparatively slower rate.
Per capita gross annual energy consumption stands just below 3 tonnes of oil equivalent.
The country's primary energy needs are almost completely met by the oil and gas supply. However, there is a clear trend for the increase in use of natural gas versus oil, shown by the extreme decline of oil-use since 1990. The use of biomass by energy carriers is increasing slowly but at a steady and encouraging rate.
Last update: 11 2020